Looking for the latest stories? We're now at cironline.org

Public universities slow to address seismic hazards

Nearly 180 public university buildings in California used by tens of thousands of people have been judged dangerous to occupy during a major earthquake — including libraries, classroom buildings, student apartments, gyms, a hospital and even a child care center, a California Watch investigation has found.

While some significant earthquake risks have emerged only recently, university officials have known about seismic problems with the majority of their dangerous buildings for five years or more. In some cases, they've known for decades.

California Watch reviewed thousands of pages of documents and audits and interviewed seismic safety experts about both of the state's public university systems.

Among the findings:

  • Dozens of new buildings have been built ahead of seismic safety projects that have languished. Projects with outside support, such as those receiving partial funding from donors, tend to get preference for state funding.
  • CSU policies don't mandate fixing the most dangerous buildings first. A building at CSU Fullerton got funding for retrofitting in 1999, even though it was ranked 20th on the system's list of hazardous structures. Eight of the buildings that were ahead of it remain to be fixed.
  • Rigid rules prohibit UC and CSU officials from using certain types of construction money on seismic repairs. Instead, both systems make due with limited pots of money for safety upgrades.

No public university in California has more seismically unsafe structures than UC Berkeley.

The campus, part of which sits on the active Hayward fault, has 71 occupied buildings that engineers say would sustain significant structural damage and endanger people's lives in a major quake.

Despite an aggressive effort to repair some buildings, UC Berkeley officials sent construction crews to remodel other unsafe buildings without making needed seismic repairs. And they moved offices for retired professors and research labs from a building that was considered low-risk to a structure deemed a higher risk.

The state's public universities have made progress toward protecting safety on campus. The vast majority of buildings are expected to pose only a small risk of causing injuries or deaths in a major quake.

Since 1979, the UC system has spent more than $1 billion shoring up seismically unsafe buildings, according to a university estimate.

The CSU system has spent more than $480 million on seismic projects since 1987, a California Watch analysis of university documents found.

But it has fallen far behind on some buildings, records show. Eighteen years after CSU began cataloguing its seismically dangerous structures, three liberal arts buildings at CSU Long Beach remain unfixed and occupied, posing a risk to the 1,500 students and faculty who pass through their doors on a typical school day.

CSU Long Beach has retrofitted four other buildings that posed high seismic risks. But instead of making repairs to its three liberal arts buildings, the university used state money to build other projects, including $120 million for two new science buildings and $32 million for a library addition.

The recent quakes in Chile and Haiti serve as a reminder that many buildings are vulnerable, even in a state with strict building codes. The United States Geological Survey predicts California will see one or more earthquakes of at least 6.7 magnitude over the next 30 years.

And there is nearly a 50-50 chance California will see an even more powerful quake of magnitude 7.5 or greater in the next 30 years, the USGS says.

Yet seismic fixes for some of California's campus buildings are at least a decade away.

Universities leave most risky buildings occupied, even though the structures could cause injuries or deaths in the event of a major earthquake. Vacating buildings would mean a decrease in the number of students who can enroll, said Thomas Kennedy, chief of architecture and engineering for the CSU system.

"You're balancing off a series of competing needs," Kennedy said. "Is there a risk in driving a car? You bet. But I drive every day. Is there a risk going into some buildings? Yes, there is. If we do that (close the buildings), that means we teach fewer students. Do we want to cut 50,000 students? Or do we want to go forward?"

No plans to move faster on seismic repairs

Officials say they would like to correct existing structures faster, but they can only afford to do a few projects at a time. The state budget crisis means no new projects proposed since 2009 have received funding.

In the meantime, students and staff are using 28 CSU buildings even though they could collapse in a major earthquake.

An additional 38 occupied CSU structures are less likely to collapse, but would pose serious risk to life because of falling hazards, records show. These include Cal State Fullerton's Titan Gym and several apartment buildings in San Francisco State's University Park North. The apartments were partially retrofitted last year but still have structural problems, records show.

Among the riskiest structures are two buildings at CSU East Bay: Warren Hall and University Library. Warren Hall stands 13 stories tall, a visual focal point for the hilltop Hayward campus. It houses classrooms, administration offices and some student services, producing a steady stream of visitors. A campus official estimated the building has 500 occupants during peak hours.

The building looks out on a courtyard that serves as a bridge to the two-story library. On a recent weekday, some students waited in line for computers while others took naps in foam-padded chairs near the tightly packed bookshelves.

Student Samantha Johnson, 23, knew about Warren Hall's hazards, but she didn't know about the library.

"You just pray that nothing bad happens," she said.

Johnson said it seems irresponsible for the university and the state to leave Warren Hall unfixed. The building is heavily used by any student seeking assistance with financial aid, she said.

"Hopefully it doesn't hurt anybody, but it could. It's dangerous," Johnson said.

University officials can't pinpoint exactly how many people are occupying the most dangerous buildings at any given time, because class attendance varies and foot traffic ebbs and flows. Yet if all the risky CSU buildings were fully occupied, more than 35,000 people could be affected, according to facility reports and campus-provided estimates.

If a major quake were to topple a building on the list of known seismic hazards, university officials have emergency response systems that help them decide where to deploy search and rescue resources.

CSU Long Beach has some of the longest-standing seismic dangers of any CSU campus, with four buildings on the hazard list since at least 1994. CSU East Bay, Humboldt State University, Cal Poly Pomona and San Francisco State University have also known about some highly vulnerable buildings for at least a decade.

In the UC system, about 10 structures that could collapse in a big earthquake remain in use. More than 100 other buildings are occupied even though they would pose hazards.

Of the occupied buildings that pose hazards, nine are libraries, including UC Santa Barbara's Davidson Library, Cal State University Dominguez Hills' Cain Library and UCLA's Darling Biomedical Library. One is a UC Berkeley child-care center on Haste Street between Telegraph Avenue and Bowditch Street. Another is the UC Davis Medical Center.

Also at UC Davis, engineers with Rutherford & Chekene in 1998 found flaws in the main reading room of the Peter J. Shields Library, which was built in 1939. Even at night, students gather to study at the library's wooden tables, under the glow of large, hanging lamps.

The engineers predicted that the same 50-foot-high ceiling that makes the reading room bright and cavernous could seriously hurt someone. In a major quake, the ceiling plaster could crack severely, causing pieces to fall, the report said.

University officials have known about the seismic deficiencies since the engineering report was completed 12 years ago. When California Watch began asking about the building in November, campus officials said they were studying the issue but had no timetable for repairs. Last week, however, officials said they had approved a $294,000 project that will fix the ceiling within a year. Campus Architect Clayton Halliday said the timing had nothing to do with questions from California Watch.

There is no estimate for the total cost of future seismic repairs. But a few figures provide context. The CSU system expects to fund 15 retrofit projects in the next five years at a cost of more than $500 million.

UC Berkeley estimates it will spend more than $1 billion on seismic replacements and repairs through 2019. UCLA pegs its seismic construction costs at nearly $500 million for the same period.

The timeline could face further delays because the projects rely in part on state general obligation bond financing, and no new bond measure has been proposed.

Watchdogs have pushed for faster action. In 1990, a report from the state Seismic Safety Commission recommended a change in law that would require fixing or vacating all state-owned buildings with seismic hazards, including university buildings, by the year 2000. The recommendation never made it into state law.

Universities must seek seismic safety funds

The UC system owns more than 5,000 structures mostly built during the 1950s and 1960s. The CSU system includes about 2,200 buildings, more than half of which are at least 30 years old.

While the buildings were constructed to resist earthquakes at the time, engineers now know that some of these structures are dangerous because they were built before earthquake engineering evolved.

The universities are far from alone. Municipalities and state agencies throughout California have buildings that could collapse or injure someone in an unusually large earthquake.

The UC system adopted a policy in 1975 requiring chancellors to develop plans for fixing buildings that could fail in a major quake. The CSU system created a similar policy in 1993.

Both policies aim to ensure that people can exit buildings safely after a major earthquake. The magnitude and intensity of what would constitute a major quake varies by campus, depending on the location. At UC Berkeley, for example, "major" could be described as a 7.0 magnitude quake on the Hayward fault.

The UC system hired engineers in 1978 to identify risky buildings, and CSU appointed a panel of outside engineers to review their buildings in 1992. Both systems have since added more buildings to the list.

UC rates its buildings from "good" to "very poor," while the CSU system assigns risk levels from 1 to 7, with 7 being the most dangerous.

In the UC system, chancellors decide which projects to submit for state funding. Buildings that are in poor or very poor seismic condition are supposed to get high priority for funding. Meanwhile, chancellors are supposed to try to minimize use of these structures.

Each CSU campus chooses its priority projects for state funding and presents them to the chancellor's office. Under CSU policy, buildings labeled as collapse risks are supposed to get "urgent attention." Such buildings should be retrofitted "as soon as resources can be made available," according to a CSU document.

But you won't find seismic projects filling up the construction priority list.

That's partly because universities don't actually make seismic safety their number-one concern. They have other construction priorities. They want to build modern labs and accommodate growing enrollment.

"In a perfect world, we'd love to do everything," said Kennedy, the chief of architecture and engineering for the CSU system.

And not all seismic projects can be done at the same time. Even if more money was available, retrofits often require a building to be vacated. For campuses, this means finding space to temporarily house classrooms, offices and labs.

The state Legislative Analyst's Office usually suggests that any life safety projects be prioritized above other projects, said Mark Whitaker, fiscal and policy analyst for the office.

"But a lot of it is dictated by what the campuses put forward," he said.

The process doesn't always run smoothly. Sometimes campus planners disagree with the chancellor's office about just how dangerous their buildings are.

In one recent case, the chancellor's office labeled San Francisco State University's main parking garage as a collapse risk in a major quake after staffers discovered signs of structural problems on the fourth floor.

Although the university plans to fix the structure, a consulting structural engineer, who was hired by campus building officials, said the five-story garage poses no risk to occupants. The chancellor's office disagrees.

Dangerous buildings not always given funding priority

Even though the CSU system has a method for prioritizing seismically deficient buildings, the most dangerous ones in the system don't always get fixed first.

A 1997 internal audit found that the university had repaired some lower-priority structures before the most hazardous buildings.

California Watch found that the pattern has continued. Universities got funding for at least 10 lower-priority seismic projects ahead of other buildings that engineers identified as urgently in need of repairs.

One that skipped ahead in line was CSU Fullerton's humanities and social sciences building, which ranked 20th on a list of 25 dangerous structures in 1999.

Yet that year, the building got state funding for repairs ahead of the 19 other, riskier structures, such as Humboldt State University's theatre arts building, which was rated seventh on the list.

Situated on the east end of a tree-filled quad at CSU Fullerton, the cream-colored humanities building rises six stories high. The structure hasn't lost its 1969 look. Its façade bears resemblance to a steam radiator, with long vertical columns spaced evenly apart.

Despite its vintage appearance, the humanities building has modern safety capabilities. A $1.4 million strengthening project added new exterior shear walls designed to counteract earthquake loads.

Meanwhile, Humboldt State University has not fixed the theatre arts building, which has been a known earthquake collapse risk since at least 1999. The campus first requested state funding for the building in 2009, but no new projects were approved that year because of the state budget crisis. Humboldt plans to request funding again in 2011.

The building includes a 700-seat auditorium and classrooms that seat about 100, plus offices for the drama department.

Asked why Humboldt had waited until 2009 to request funding for theatre arts, a Humboldt State University spokesman deferred to Kennedy.

Kennedy said that buildings are not always fixed in order because seismic safety is not always everyone's top priority.

"You realize that (seismic) is an important issue, but it's probably not the most important issue as seen at any one time," he said.

UC Berkeley failed to address seismic dangers

Since 1980, UC Berkeley has spent 58 percent of its state construction funding to strengthen or replace seismically hazardous buildings, according to a California Watch analysis. That's more than $300 million in state money spent on seismic upgrades, not counting other sources of funding.

The pace of the work intensified after 1997, when a team of engineering firms reevaluated every building for earthquake safety. Since that time, 91 percent of Berkeley's state construction funding has gone to seismic projects. Among California's public universities, only UCLA has spent more state construction money on seismic fixes than UC Berkeley.

The campus has now strengthened more than 50 buildings, making UC Berkeley safer in the event of a major quake.

However, over the past several years, the university has also remodeled or upgraded buildings with known seismic dangers without fixing the structural deficiencies.

Edward Denton, the university's vice chancellor of facilities services, said the university generally won't move people to a building that's in worse condition than the building they're in.

But that's exactly what happened in 2005, when the university relocated labs and offices for retired professors from a building that had a low seismic risk to one that was rated a higher risk, according to UC Berkeley documents.

The project took labs and professors out of Davis Hall North, which was being replaced by a new, state-of-the-art headquarters for the Center for Information Technology Research in the Interest of Society. They moved into the seismically hazardous Davis Hall South in 2005. UC Berkeley officials could not say how many people were relocated.

Denton defended the move, saying the university made Davis Hall South safer with a partial retrofit in 2004. But he acknowledged that even after that construction project, the building is still rated "poor."

In most of the projects involving "poor" structures, the university shuffled people from one seismically hazardous building to another.

In 2002, then-UC Berkeley Chancellor Robert M. Berdahl approved $633,000 to remodel office space in the basement of the seismically risky Giannini Hall.

The university had originally planned to move staffers from the seismically "poor" Mulford Hall to Barker Hall, rated "good." Instead, the university moved these people to Giannini Hall in 2003.

According to a 1997 report authored by three engineering firms, the three-story Giannini Hall, which was constructed in 1930, would crack significantly in a violent earthquake. Pieces could fall on to people from above.

In an earlier case, the university moved animal research facilities out of the "poor" rated Tolman Hall in 1994 and remodeled the ground floor to accommodate human psychobiology research. That move freed up space for an institute that moved from an off-campus location into Tolman, without fixing the building's structural deficiencies.

Denton said he would be surprised if any remodel to a "poor" building had expanded its usage, because the square footage of the building didn't increase. But he couldn't say how many people used the buildings before and after each renovation.

Denton also said that it's a good thing when the university remodels parts of seismically hazardous buildings, even if the work doesn't fix structural problems. That's because the work secures potential falling hazards, such as ceiling tiles and bookshelves, he said.

"The occupants of that renovated space are actually in, I think, better shape than someone who isn't," Denton said.

The university plans to begin repairing Tolman Hall in 2012, although that project will depend on state funding. Meanwhile, the campus doesn't plan on fixing Giannini Hall or Davis Hall South for a long time. Neither building is in the 10-year plan, meaning retrofitting will likely have to wait until after 2019.

Private donations play major role in renovations

Some building officials from different universities acknowledge projects with partial outside funding move to the front of the line for state money because the state can get new construction at a discount.

California Watch found several cases where buildings that leveraged funding from donors won state construction money ahead of seismic retrofits that had been on the radar for years.

While the donor-funded buildings did not necessarily cause campuses to delay seismic repairs, the externally supported projects certainly progressed faster.

At CSU East Bay, for example, the campus won $11.5 million in state funding in 2002 for a new building for the college of business and economics – a project for which the university had raised more than $10 million in private donations.

It's unclear how long the capital campaign had been in the works. But campus officials had known for at least three years about problems with Warren Hall, the administration and classroom building that could collapse in a major quake. The Hayward fault runs through the campus.

Warren Hall was on a 1999 list of buildings under investigation by the CSU's Seismic Review Board because of newly discovered dangers.

Campus officials argued that the signature business program needed its own space and up-to-date technology. Previous requests for state money had been unsuccessful.

However, when the campus brought donor funding to the table, including $5 million from the Wayne and Gladys Valley Foundation, the state kicked in the rest.

The Wayne and Gladys Valley Business and Technology Center was the first new classroom building on campus in more than 30 years when it opened in 2007. With plasma screens and a presentation center that seats 250 people, it became a favorite spot for hosting guests and events.

The sleek, new building has a modern look – a crisp, white rectangle with grey accents. It's within sight of Warren Hall, which still hasn't been fixed.

Administrators thought the money to fix Warren Hall would come earlier.

In 2004, then-President Norma Rees said in a column in the student newspaper that the campus would use money from Proposition 55, a voter-approved, general-obligation bond measure, to fix the aging structure. But that didn't happen, in part because the project grew more complicated.

The campus is now putting finishing touches on a $43 million student services building that will allow the university to relocate some of the occupants of Warren Hall later this year.

Still, Warren Hall itself remains unfixed and will continue to house classrooms and offices. It's now the campus' top priority for state funding, but the project may have to wait years for construction money because of the state budget crunch.

Kennedy said donors sometimes make offers to help pay for specific projects, giving the state a coupon for discounted construction – and that's something universities and the Legislature pay attention to.

"If someone is trying to balance something out and says, ‘I'll give you $10 million to consider this,' that has to be taken into consideration," he said.

He could not recall a single time that a donor gave money for seismic repairs, or that a university launched a capital campaign around a seismic repair project.

Bonds, endowments not used for retrofitting

Officials from both university systems say they can't fix dangerous academic buildings with the money they use to build parking structures, recreation centers or campus housing. They finance those projects through bonds, which use future fee revenue to pay for the resulting debt service.

And administrators say donors generally aren't likely to bankroll seismic retrofits.

"The donors believe it's the state's responsibility to fix seismic," Denton said.

As a result, seismically hazardous buildings can languish on the wait list for state funding while workers erect dorms funded by revenue bonds or buildings funded by wealthy alumni.

The UC system and its campuses have combined endowment assets of $7.8 billion and the CSU system has $717 million, according to their most recent annual reports. Neither system could name a case in which a campus used interest from these endowments to pay for seismic construction.

Whitaker of the Legislative Analyst's Office said there's no reason why campuses couldn't use available endowment funds to fix hazardous buildings.

"It just depends on what their priorities are and how much is available," Whitaker said.

Even when it comes to the limited pots of money that the universities can use to fund retrofits, seismic safety doesn't always take precedence.

CSU Long Beach got funding to build a new science building in 2004, even though the university and the CSU system had known for at least a decade that the school's liberal arts complex was a collapse risk. That's because the campus had been planning an overhaul of the science complex since the early ‘90s, said Susan Brown, the campus' director of physical planning and construction management.

The three liberal arts buildings, constructed in 1954 and 1955, are clustered together at the south end of campus. The two-story buildings are long and rectangular with two uninterrupted rows of large windows stacked on top of each other, giving each building the appearance of a slice of sheet cake.

The windows contribute to the structural weaknesses and make the building less likely to survive a major earthquake, according to a 2008 CSU document. Experts with Englekirk & Sabol Consulting Engineers told the university the buildings could see significant structural damage and areas of collapse, according to a 1993 seismic evaluation.

The liberal arts buildings are hardly eye-catching or prominent, but they're highly trafficked, with an estimated 1,500 people taking classes, working in offices, or providing student services every day.

The university won more than $1 million in state funding in 2005 to strengthen the buildings with shear walls and concrete infill, but lost the construction money to a bureaucratic mix-up.

Long Beach spent $102,000 of the state funding on a design for a three-phase project, only to find in 2007 from the state Department of Finance that the deadline to use the construction funding would expire before the project could be completed. Long Beach had to give the rest of the money back to the state, records show.

Brown explained it as a miscommunication about the deadline.

Their first attempt stymied, campus planners worked with consultants and the chancellor's office to devise a much grander proposal.

The university hired HMC Architects to weigh the pros and cons of strengthening the existing structures vs. replacing them with one large building with more lecture space. The 2008 feasibility study recommended the more expensive replacement project, describing it as a way to maximize campus real estate.

The university ultimately embraced that approach. Officials now plan a two-phase project that will cost an estimated $69 million.

The project comes in spite of the CSU's own policy, which says that structures rated as hazardous as Long Beach's liberal arts buildings need to be fixed urgently, regardless of other improvements officials may want to make to the building down the road.

The first phase is now on the priority list for state funding, but it will likely be several years before construction begins because of a backlog in projects.

"I view it as a disappointment in terms of not being able to implement the (first) project, but I believe the bigger project that we have will do better for the university," Brown said.

In the meantime, students use the buildings every day, taking classes in topics such as child and adolescent development, and world geography.

This story was edited by Mark Katches and Robert Salladay and copy edited by William Cooley.

Filed under: Higher Ed, Public Safety

Comments

Comments are closed for this story.
Liza Pike's picture
Should the Legislature provide more state construction funding to speed up repairs?
bluedragon's picture
It is the duty of government to inspect the building in their area of responsibility Advanced Registry Optimizer 2010 Reviews.
hurleyvision's picture
When the earth shakes, it is recorded on a Richter Scale. When we think of "real" earthquakes, we think of the movie type such as the 1906 quake that rocked San Francisco. The San Andreas Fault moved and that was the earthquake. Landslides, meteors striking the earth, mine collapses and the collapse of underground cavities where water or oil have been removed also are recorded as earthquakes. The recent earthquakes east of Oklahoma City are examples of cavity collapses where oil had been removed. The mine collapse that trapped miners in Utah was also recorded as an earthquake. When an earthquake is the result of a fault movement, it is usually at least ten miles deep. Underground collapses are usually very shallow. The mine collapses around Reno, Nevada are recorded as earthquakes. Shallow earthquakes cause relatively more damage than deep earthquakes as there is less mass to cushion the shock. Two shallow collapses were the Landers Earthquake of June 28, 1992 and the Northridge Earthquake of January 17, 1994. Fault earthquakes are preceded by underground magma flows. The magma from the core of the earth fills the fault and if there is enough pressure on the fault, and if there is enough pneumatic pressure, the fault shifts and thus, the earthquake. A magma flow is like an antenna and the energy given off by the magma is painful. It bothers some people and some animals. In 1983, I learned that I was sensitive to underground magma flows that can trigger earthquakes, or, become volcanoes if the magma reaches the surface. Since then, I have detected more than a hundred significant earthquakes, and a volcano, before they happened. On January 5, 2010, I was recorded live on KRCRTV, Redding, California. When asked what underground magma flows that I detected, I reported five. Those five are still active and could produce seismic activity: 1. 30 miles west of Red Bluff, CA; 2. Near the CA-OR border, near the Pacific Coast; 3. Due north, probably Mt. St. Helens; 4. Northeast, probably Yellowstone NP; 5. About 50 miles east of Redding, California, probably near Lassen Peak. Lassen Peak formed after Mt. Tehama exploded many decades ago. For what its worth, after appearing on TV on 1/5/10, more than 50 small 2.5+ earthquakes were recorded near Yellowstone National Park. Some magma flows take many months, even over a year, before anything happens. And, some magma flows produce only small earthquakes, or even none at all. Note: After an earthquake happens, people within a few hundred miles can notice that they feel better. A certain ache or pain will just be gone. This also happens when huge earquakes happen anyhwhere on Planet Earth. Before earthquakes I get a migraine headache and a very stiff neck. Two times I went to a chiropractor, complaining about my stiff neck. Both times the Chiro told me that my neck was too stiff to adjust. When asked what was happening, I told hime that I was detecting a magma flow toward the SF Bay Area. The two visits were Friday, October 13, and Monday, October 16, 1989. On Tuesday, October 17, 1989, the Loma Prieta earthquake shook the Bay Area. The epicenter was two miles from Aptos, CA, east of Santa Cruz. I remember SF Mayor Art Agnos calling it the San Francisco earthquake. I think he wanted recovery funds to go to San Francisco. Anyhow, I did not even return to the chiropractor as my headache and stiff neck went away. After many more earthquakes, I was on Oprah as she was doing a program on "people who get premonitions." I am now living in Redding, California and if anyone who reads this is curious, feel free to e-mail me at jerry.hurley@att.net
perchecreek's picture
Much of the information compiled by California Watch on the seismic safety of California campus buildings is available on the side bar to this article. Unfortunately, there does not appear to be a single, written document containing this information, and so the information is cumbersome to access. For example, descriptions of individual buildings can only be accessed by following a link to a page containing a map provided by Google. Each building's description can then be accessed by clicking on an icon, in response to which a pop-up window opens. This format makes it impossible to scan all buildings quickly, or to redistribute the information, or to use it in other contexts. Hence, the usefulness of the research that California Watch did is limited. Please be so kind as to provide a single text or pdf document that contains the entire set of information compiled by California Watch on California campus seismic safety, including a table of contents, index, and citations.
poetra's picture
Earthquakes in Chile and Haitians have caused heavy casualties. Moreover when we remember what an earthquake followed by tsunamis in Asia a few years ago. What happened to our earth? whether it was because we had so damaged the earth?
fanindy's picture
After experiencing an earthquake, people can remember a few hundred miles they feel better. A sore or some of the pain will just disappear. This also happens when earquakes anyhwhere is huge on the planet Earth.
3magicbeans's picture
I personally feel that more stress should be given on the usage of technology in avoiding the natural disasters like earthquake in Haiti few months ago...I'll try to spread a word about technology through my blog on Denver Website Designs ....
leaves's picture
Does anybody know which site keeps track of the 7 large craters in the world. I do think we need to track these mountains. The more eyeballs on them, the better. Any good website ideas? In Norway we don't have any craters. thank you for a good article
nicoduca's picture
Should universities use state construction money to build new buildings or expand old ones when they still have occupied, seismically hazardous structures to fix? Submited by : Libros Gratis
philly387's picture
I don't see how these universities don't have the funds to update the building. People pay hundreds of thousands of dollars in order to go to these schools. So, how come there are not enough funds there in order to upgrade? From: Josh on my Free iPad
rabiafaren's picture
they are taking enough money for fee, there should be some involvement from the parents for the sake of their children safety. lawn prints | Sobia Nazir
denisehemingway's picture
i think it is really a matter of priorities. people managing these schools must be responsible enough that people's safety is paramount. if they do not have the funds to address the seismic hazards, then seek answers from community leaders or better elevate the case to politicians. there will also always be funds coming from the private sectors. moneyed people will definitely heed the people's clamor. if all things fail, call your congressman and write to them as my friend did, Joe Holt.
rian's picture
Thank you for sharing this article. An earthquake would destroy human life. But whether humans have thought that the earthquake caused by human activities that have been destroying the earth? Let's save our world from damage. This post is different from what I read on most blog. And it have so many valuable things to learn. Thanks.
kelly's picture
Great! Thanks for the great article posting and your all effort. I think the above article is valuable for all concerned people about this topics.For me the Informations are really really useful for my research. I've Bookmarked this page for future reference. www.telefonkatalogen.biz
hacker's picture
Most of the packages offered are planned in such a manner that they present for the visitors a cross-section of life in Kerala, known the world over as God’s own Country. Kerala Tour Packages
amely's picture
I finally found one post which is informative and which has provided genuine information for the readers. I really liked the way writer has thrown some light on unhidden facts. Pretty good post.
shyel's picture
Anyway...university is one most important place for research to help people life more better. Thank you for your post. Very Glad that you shared this to us. It's some pretty great info. Valuable information I found, keep on posting.
removalists4u's picture
Well, Moneybookers is our payment gateway of choice - for both funding and receiving payments from your bookie. football betting tips It is the most popular payment gateway for betting sites and is accepted at all the major online bookmakers like Betfair, Bet365, Ladbrokes, etc.
cocoom's picture
CONTENT=The two of us truly loved your article. It looks like you've put a bunch of effort into your article and the human race need lots more of these on the Net these years. I don't really have a large deal to say in retort, I just wanted to comment to tell well done. wonderful post. i never think of that.
Regards,Jason Smith Researcher of celebrity phone numbers
comehades's picture
Monogram canvas wardrobe boxes in 1875 by Mr. Louis Vuitton design, Louis Vuitton Replica it immediately became a brand icon. cheap louis vuitton The inner part of the grid is very fine, elegant travelers can meet all the requirements, and eliminates the trouble of repeatedly unpacking and packing.
raycruz182's picture
At first, I’d choose to give thanks to you for this informative article. Secondly, I'd prefer to interrogate wheresoever I can find a lot more data pertaining your post. I arrived here via Bing and i can not check any linked up web websites on this matter. How do I sign for your web blog? I had choose to bind to your updates as they come along! I'd a query to question but I forgotten what it absolutely was... anyways, thnx. Best wishes, Ray Cruz Author of how to cook beef tenderloin
katieprice's picture
You're doing a great service to your readers by opening up the comments section, it's a great way to keep in touch with them. AlloExpat.com - Worldwide portal for the expatriate community
scented _rocks's picture
I really think there should be more funds available to do these repairs while they are minimal crystal potpourri | scented crystals | scented rocks
imobiliare's picture
lately I have not had large earthquakes, thanks to god, unfortunately other countries have experienced natural disasters, is that I could still help them anunturi imobiliare
asin's picture
It is heartening to learn that nearly 180 public university buildings in California used by tens of thousands of people have been judged dangerous to occupy during a major earthquake — including libraries, classroom buildings, student apartments, gyms, a hospital and even a child care center, a California Watch investigation has found. But, where is the preparedness? where is the urgency? Surprisingly, everyone is cool here; both government and public. Great! Thanks. true love waits ring
JohnAlan's picture
This is a huge concern and i think that measures should be applied quickly in the event of a disaster. After 9/11 i think that America should be prepared for any kind of thread.. Alan at Sports Betting
amiya's picture
It is quite baffling to notice that state universities are slow to address seismic hazards. As the memoirs of that devastating earthquake which struck Haiti is still fresh, this information of non action by the institutes is found to be very discouraging. We cannot stop earthquakes, but we can lessen the impact by following scientific methods in building our structures and house. Thanks for the nice post. Laguna Beach Homes
Rajesh's picture
It is natural that common people can't comprehend the severity of earthquake in their mind untill & unless they face a really one but what is more shocking that even the highly educated university people do not feel the urgency of the situation. Certainly it is not expected from them. kredyt bez bik
mortgage refinancing's picture
seismic plan is very important things to do.. high investment but its worth for human safety. Refi | Refinancing Home Mortgage
proektgaz's picture
Indeed the university is an important place in the lives of students. ___________________________________________ Газификация
irena's picture
In my opinion, seismic plan should be number one priority in all countries with danger of earthquake. Is is worth of high initial investment. Irena from cheap hosting - justhost review
rasheedatadenika's picture
This is such a great resource that you are providing and you give it away for free. I love seeing websites that understand the value of providing a quality resource for free. It is the old what goes around comes around routine.Tour Packages
katieprice's picture
Though I would've loved it much more if you added a relevant video or at least pictures to back up the explanation, I still thought that your write-up quite helpful. SMALL BUSINESS ONLINE MARKETING EXPERTS
lanceruch's picture
When it comes to online marketing or internet marketing, you can rely on known SEO companies like the Internet Marketing Virtual Assistant. There are actually many factors to look for when it comes to online marketing like the part of the webpage, the structure of the site, the online competition and the market the you want to join. No worries, online marketing virtual assistant is good on that
harrietsullivan's picture
This point of view, you exactly the idea is reasonable, give us valuable information, I completely agree with the viewpoint, the content of the above the diversity and seen as one of our emotions after that.Internet Marketing Companies
removalists4u's picture
Just wanted to say I enjoyed the post. You have really put a lot of time into your article and it is just great! Article Marketing
alancarrr1's picture
There is always so much time and effort that goes in the posts at california watch, keep up the good work
megbouviacoates's picture
I am regular visitor of "californiawatch.org".Really your services very interesting...Seo Services
JohnAlan's picture
I think that this article should have more exposure as it's interest is huge. We cannot let our kids die in school, the place where they should be safe and learning.. this is just unthinkable.. Alan from Pariuri Sportive
removalists4u's picture
Great post! I'm just starting out in community management/marketing media and trying to learn how to do it well - resources like this article are incredibly helpful. Jeepers
noucktourno's picture

While I agree that building safer schools is what we all want, believe me I am a current student at a CSU, the reality is that the state simply doesn't have the money. In my opinion, students and families are already frustrated with the lack of classes in addition to higher tuition costs. One poster wrote, "What are we waiting for" and the answer is that it is a delicate situation. Bottom line, there is very little money. I suppose the state could close a few campuses’ and refit the others. I just don’t see how to please everyone given the current budget. P.S. I am just as worried about my safety as well as everyone else’s, just wanted to make the point that the solution isn't as simple "let's build safer schools!"

Douglas Mallette

Author: Turning Point ( Liga 1 )

Available NOW @ the Blog

hacker's picture
I’m so happy I stumble upon this blog! A lot of helpful info I really needed to know these stuff, I had a hard time with those foreign characters. Thank you so much car buying
pjohnson's picture
This is terrible. Public universities need to make students' safety their number one priority. Can you imagine if an earthquake occurred and something happened to these students? Please write in to your congressmen to ask them to intervene in this situation.
Wedding Shoes
leo12's picture
I found your website perfect for my needs. It contains wonderful and helpful posts. I have read most of them and got a lot from them. To me, you are doing the great work. Carry on this. work at home In the end, I would like to thank you for making such a nice website. Online Casino
jackiboa's picture
Thanks for sharing. i really appreciate it that you shared with us such a informative post.. Dissertation Writing Essay Writing Research paper writing
jackiboa's picture
I'm the same way, I do my best to remain neutral. It's hard, if you communicate with the person the other person dislikes, then you fall out of favor with them! I simple can't dislike a person, just because someone else does, I just can't. Term Paper Writing Thesis Writing
dorothyr's picture
Pretty insightful post. Never thought that it was this simple after all. I had spent a good deal of my time looking for someone to explain this subject clearly and you’re the only one that ever did that. wacoal minimizer bras
augoest's picture
I found new valuable information about seismic earthquake in this good post. Very Glad that you shared this to us. I appreciate your work, the post is really helpful. Thanks for sharing. Hope we all be more save from earthquake.
adhyatma3010's picture
Seismic plan is necessary for many possible disasters
jacobwillis's picture
Cataloguing those seismically dangerous structures is just the right thing to do.

Thanks,
Stirling Mortloc
katieprice's picture
Fantastic post. Bookmarked this site and emailed it to a few friends, your post was that great, keep it up. พนันบอลออนไลน์
noucktourno's picture
There are some very great sources here and thank you for being so kind to post them here. So we can read them and give our opinion on viagra interactions subject.
jackiboa's picture
thanks for sharing..life experience degrees
seoleaf's picture
the government should provides more funding for these sort of project so that researches could find more facts regarding it. kidney infection symptoms miscarriage symptoms
luckze's picture
This is my first time i visit here. I found so many entertaining stuff in your blog, especially its discussion. From the tons of comments on your articles, I guess I am not the only one having all the enjoyment here! Keep up the good work.Louis Vuitton Monogram Cheche Gypsy PM M40361 Green Louis Vuitton Monogram Cheche Gypsy GM M40362 Blue
kelly's picture
Good read. There is currently quite a lot of information around this subject on the net and some are most definitely better than others. אנטי וירוס
kelly's picture
%D7%90%D7%A0%D7%98%D7%99%20%D7%95%D7%99%D7%A8%D7%95%D7%A1 Really like your blog content the way you put up the things…I’ve read the topic with great interest and definitely will stick your blog routinely for other great posts. אנטי וירוס
seoaddiction's picture
Great news about Public universities. Seismic hazards is a good topic for college term paper writing and I think I will write a custom essay on Seismic hazards next week. Thank you for great stuff about education!
seoaddiction's picture
Seismic hazards is a good topic for my essays in college!
noucktourno's picture
Greetings I recently finished reading through your blog and I'm very impressed. I do have a couple questions for you personally however. Do you think you're thinking about doing a follow-up posting about this? Will you be going to keep bringing hemorrhoids up-to-date as well?
adiel_m's picture

Someone should take care fo the building industry קידום בגוגל שמלות כלה

noucktourno's picture
Congrats for releasing such a nice post.This is nice post. I was awaiting for such an article and I have gained some very useful information from this site.I admire the valuable information you offer in your articles. I will bookmark your blog and have my friends check up here often. I am quite sure they will learn lots of new stuff here than anybody else .Thanks for sharing this information.

pariuri sportive sports betting buy viagra hemorrhoid meciuri live

jibran_pcc's picture
Greetings I recently finished reading through your blog and I'm very impressed. I do have a couple questions for you personally however. Do you think you're thinking about doing a follow-up posting about this? Will you be going to keep bringing hemorrhoids up-to-date as well? silver dog tags
Amiel's picture
This is a very intriguing post, I was looking for this knowledge. Just so you know I found your web site when I was searching for blogs like mine, so please check out my site sometime and leave me a comment to let me know what you think. Dissertation Help
hacker's picture
I absolutely adore your site! You aggressive me as able-bodied as all the others actuality and your broiled PS is absolutely nice. Thank you for afflatus and accumulate up the acceptable work thanks! African Lion
removalists4u's picture
This is my first time i visit here. I found so many entertaining stuff in your blog, especially its discussion. เล่นบอลออนไลน์
noucktourno's picture
Hello! Took me time to read all the comments, but I really enjoyed the article. It proved to be very helpful to me and I am sure to all the commenters here! It's always nice when you can not only be informed, but also entertained rezultate live fotbal.
neo one's picture
make some people fill safety about this issued While some significant earthquake risks have emerged only recently, university officials have known about seismic problems with the majority of their dangerous buildings for five years or more. thanks. Finance ask
keren_m's picture
Congrats for releasing such a nice post.This is nice post. I was awaiting for such an article and I have gained some very useful information from this site.I admire the valuable information you offer in your articles. I will bookmark your blog and have my friends check up here often. I am quite sure they will learn lots of new stuff here than anybody else .Thanks for sharing this information עיצוב דירות עיצוב חדרי אמבטיה קידוחים
aigreen's picture
Fashion designers are uggs on sale always passionate to explore their creativity.
Jibran's picture
Congrats for releasing such a nice post.This is nice post. I was awaiting for such an article and I have gained some very useful information from this site.I admire the valuable information you offer in your articles. silver dog tags
Web Directory's picture
Very well, i hope that this technology helps. Web Directory
bill-ts-57's picture
Seismic safety should be the first consideration in new buildings, but I find it so difficult end expensive in old towns, any case technologies already exist and the best must be done.
Fabio from yacht charter
Pkrake's picture
Why nobody care about the building industry .. rakeback
kelly's picture
Excellent information here. This blog post made me smile. Maybe if you put in a couple of pics it will make the whole thing more interesting. kenya real estate
removalists4u's picture
What an amazing content is this and surely it makes realize each and everyone who read this. Thanks for providing so fantastic and sweet suggestions ....i really appreciate it. Hilton Nairobi
kelly's picture
Your post will be rather good, and I’m sure some will find it interesting because it’s about a topic that’s as widely discussed as others. Some may even find it useful. Thanks so much for your post. Watch movies online
danielgriffin's picture
Cataloguing those seismically dangerous structures is just the right thing to do. casino online
Benguy's picture
This is a serious problem and could injure or even kill students and faculty. Personally, I think this needs to be addressed more seriously and taken care of in a faster manner. Ben at Fast Lvling.
tufty's picture
I think it's almost impossible to be fully prepared for any seismic hazard. We don't know what magnitude it will be or which areas will be affected most. Still a good idea that the general public are always aware of these events.
Sarahcobbs's picture
I think Seismic plan is necessary even if there is no tsunami, no one doesn't know what going to be happen with our earth. we are not smart enough yet to predict such a disaster before it's going to happen. so we should prepare before facing some disaster.
tim333's picture
I am suprised they would build new buildings and not fix the ones they already use. Makes no sense to me that they do not have to fix the old buildings before they can build new ones.
michel's picture
am surprised to see that people build hospitals, health care centres on seismic regions..
Bubble's picture
I really like the thing that Brown said which is: "I view it as a disappointment in terms of not being able to implement the (first) project, but I believe the bigger project that we have will do better for the university" Thanks for the post
propooper98's picture
This will be really a growing topic these days. Its very dangerous- imagine that many people being unable to do anything when hit by a earthquake!
piotrekr's picture
some great info here keep up the good work. i really leave a more creative comment as i'm a bit out of my deph but i will be turning back back here for further updates. Yours, Roy Mendez
AlphaGirl's picture
I think all schools and colleges should take priority when it comes to safety, so come on goverments look after our children they are the future.
Steve_P10's picture
Why not renovate what we already have and re-install a sense of pride into these areas!
karentheclassifiedsgirl's picture
I plan to work near u.c. Berkley. I have a friend who is attending. I am so afraid,knowing that safety is not high on the Richter scale.Pardon the pun. But thanks for the share.
bancs's picture
Thanks for your kind information, it's helpful
JenniferConnolly's picture
I think some of the stimulus money should be put towards ensuring the integrity of public buildings such as these.
Merchant Account Loans's picture
Seismic planning is essential in high risk areas regardless of the funds necessary.
AlexBrolin99's picture
Nice Post! I really think that an excellent post like yours will help all of your readers who like your writing. Thank you!
Best Fitness Programs's picture
This is a great article. Thanks for the insights.
Ernest Arthut's picture
whean my comment will appear?
gultom's picture
thanks for sharing !

via Twitter

© 2013 California Watch   /  development:  Happy Snowman Tech   /  design: